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Plato’s concept of Justice: Laws IX 863E and Republic IV 443C

……………………… Ian Mason I should now define for you, clearly and without complication, what I mean by just and unjust. For I refer to the tyranny, in the soul, of passion and fear, of pleasure and pain, envy and desire, whether they cause harm or not, as injustice, in all cases.But when the opinion as […]

A6, B12, B50 and B101: Unity lies behind Change

I was led to Heraclitus in a roundabout way; I have long been an admirer of Socrates and astonished at the genius of Plato, but was also drawn by the beauty of the lyric poetry of the 7th and 6th centuries B.C. into wondering how these poets envisaged the world and their place in it.  […]

Epigrams 9.61 and 12.50: A Living Estate and a Sterile Mansion

In my seventeenth-century literature class, I teach Ben Jonson’s poem “To Penshurst.”  He borrows from both of these (and other) epigrams in that poem. I wanted my students to read them, but I could not find translations of these two pieces that were well adapted to my needs in the course, so I made these […]